Whenever a sour smell returns to the esophagus or oral cavity from the stomach, the taste is really uncomfortable …
Many times, we often regard "acid reflux" as a physiological phenomenon, but gastric acid may be caused by a disease, which is often reflected in gastric canal ducts.
Gastric esophageal reflux disease (GerD) is a relatively common gastric disease, and many people are deeply affected.The disease refers to the long -term reflux of the stomach to the esophagus, which can cause a variety of symptoms, such as common heart burning and acid reflux.
details as follows:
(1) Burning heart: The burning sensation after the sternum often appears about one hour after meals.
(2) Anti -acid: Feel a heat flow from bottom to top to the middle of the chest, and has a burning feeling and tingling sensation.
Therefore, if the symptoms of heart burning are frequent and continuous, the gastroesophageal reflux disease may be.Some patients will also have non -digestive symptoms such as chest pain, dyspnea, or cough, upset, chest tightness, and heart panic. They often do not see problems in the Department of Cardiovascular Medicine until the diagnosis of gastroesophageal ducts was diagnosed.
In normal circumstances, swallowing foods down the throat and entering the stomach through the esophagus.The muscle valve of the lower esophageal sphincter (LES) is open, so that the food can enter the stomach, or allow the in -stomach gas to discharge, and then close it again.Then the stomach release strong acid helps to break down the food.
If the sphincter of the esophagus is too frequent, or if the close is not tight enough, the gastric acid will reflect or leak into the esophagus, causing damage to it, and causing the heart to burns.
Therefore, when the sphincter of the esophagus is relaxed due to a certain reason, it is accompanied by or not accompanied by overeating, delayed pregnancy, ascites, and weight -bearing labor, etc., which will cause the occurrence of reflux symptoms.In addition, the abnormalities of esophageal peristalsis and saliva and damage to the mucosal mucosa can also cause gastroesophageal reflux.
The treatment of gastroesophageal reflux needs to understand its severity. The severity of GERD depends on the degree of dysfunctional dysfunction of the esophagus, and the type and degree of liquid type and degree of reflux from the stomach.
The purpose of treatment is the possibility of reducing anti -traffic or reducing reflux to cause damage to the surface of the esophagus.If the diagnosis of gastroesophageal reflux disease is commonly used in drug treatment.
(1) The preferred drug is acidic suppression, which can treat gastric acid secretion and reduce the acidity of gastric content. It is commonly used.
(2) For patients with severe night attacks, you can also choose H2 receptor antagonists, such as Renitidine, Famodidine and other vibratin drugs;
(3) Promoting gastrointestinal dynamic drugs, such as Xishabi;
(4) Gastric mucosa protective agent, such as aluminum phosphate, aluminum magnesium carbonate, etc., by improving the function of esophageal peristalsis, promoting gastric emptying, and protecting damaged esophageal mucosa;
(5) Some patients need to use anti -anxiety and antidepressant drugs, and psychotherapy is performed if necessary.
In summary, the treatment of specific drugs, combined types, and treatments, doctors emphasize individual chemical treatment. Therefore, we must be carried out under the guidance of professional gastrointestinal physicians. Do not use the drugs to avoid frequent symptoms.
In addition, patients who are not tolerant of drugs or drugs are invalid or serious complications, or even suspecting that there may be cancerous possibilities, may need to pass surgery or endoscopy.
In addition, for gastroesophageal reflux, doctors also recommend patients to change their lifestyle and diet to reduce the symptoms of gastric acid reflux and reduce the frequency of hair.
Laboratory adjustment auxiliary treatment:
(1) Observe the condition and review
Pay attention to the symptoms of your own condition, and understand whether there are new symptoms. If you can seek medical treatment in time, follow the doctor’s advice, and regularly review according to the doctor’s instructions to avoid worsening or recurrence of the condition.
(2) Pay attention to the adjustment of diet
Eat less meals, avoid overeating, and do not eat foods that may increase or induce diseases, such as high -fat food, fried food, spicy food, chocolate, mint, garlic, onion, citrus fruit, tomato, tomato,, tomato, tomato, tomato, tomato, tomato, tomato,, tomato, tomato, tomato, tomato, tomato, tomato,, tomato, tomato, tomato, tomato, tomato, tomato, tomato, tomato, and tomatoCoffee drinks and carbonated beverages.
(3) Avoid dining before going to bed
Gastric esophageal reflux disease immediately lay down after meals, which will increase the risk of the disease. Therefore, patients should not eat 2-3 hours before going to bed.
(4) Psychological guidance when necessary
The treatment cycle of gastroesophageal reflux is long and requires patients to cooperate for a long time. Patients may have psychological problems such as long -term anxiety and fear, and they are in a state of anxiety and depression for a long time.Patients need psychological guidance.
(5) Daily exercise properly
In terms of sports selection, including walking, doing health exercises, playing Tai Chi, jogging, etc., each exercise is more than 30 minutes, and exercise 3-5 times a week, which is not appropriate to cause physical discomfort.
(6) Other healthy life adjustments
It is important to maintain health and weight. Obesity will cause pressure on the stomach and may induce disease attacks.Quit smoking and drinking.Do not wear tights.The bedside is raised by 15 cm.Don’t eat 3 hours before going to bed.
 Zhu Baoyu, Song Defeng, Shi Chunyu, etc. The research progress of the pathogenesis of gastroesophageal reflux disease. China Experimental Diagnosis, 2015, 000 (002): 344-346.
 Chen Jianhai, Zhong Jie, Kong Guimei, et al. Progressive treatment of gastroesophageal reflux disease. Chinese endoscopic magazine, 2015, 21 (10): 1090-1094.