When it comes to gynecological examinations, everyone is more or less doubtful. We also summarized the questions of most women’s existence of gynecological examinations: What are the gynecological examinations?How long is it suitable to do gynecological examination after menstruation?Do women who are unmarried and have not had sexual relationships need gynecological examinations?Can I still have a gynecological examination when I am pregnant?Do men still need gynecological examination after menopause?What should I do if I meet a male doctor in gynecological examination?
Dr. Li Yan from Beijing Honghe Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital interviewed the above issues, hoping to give you a satisfactory answer.I also hope that everyone can face the disease calmly, calm down for examination, and then … warmly forward it to the ducks in need ~
Doctors’ observation and palpation of women’s reproductive systems are commonly known as gynecological examinations, and they are divided into dual -in -one and triple diagnosis.The purpose is to understand the situation of vulva, vagina, and cervix, as well as the size, form, location, and fallopian tubes and ovaries.
Gynecological examinations mainly include three most of the examination, which are usually carried out in a certain order.
Step 1: vulva examination
Doctors will observe whether the development of the vulva is normal, the denseness of pubic hair and the normal distribution, and whether there is congestion, laceration, and biosome of the vagina.
With the improvement of women’s aesthetic requirements now, the current gynecological examination also adds the evaluation of vulva aesthetics, including fullness, color, symmetry, sensitivity, and so on.
For women who may have pelvic floor dysfunction, sometimes doctors will allow patients to cooperate with downward screen gas, cough and other actions to observe whether there are vaginal swelling, uterine prolapse or urinary incontinence.
Step 2: Vaginal, cervical and pot bottom muscle examination
With the help of vaginal peeping device and "duckbill" to observe the state, color, cervical form, size, size, and outwardness of the vaginal wall mucosa.At the same time, the shape and odor of vaginal secretions are initially judged whether it is inflammation.
In addition, doctors will also extend their fingers into the vagina of the subject, feeling the temperature, elasticity, vaginal wall thickness, pelvic bottom muscle elasticity, sensitivity, etc.You can also detect the power and grip of the vagina. This is related to our sexual blessing index!For example, the cervical epithelium, polyps, bleeding, congenital deformity, etc. are not right, the doctor can see at a glance!
Step 3: Internal diagnosis examination
During the examination, the doctor will put one finger in the vagina of the subject, and the other hand is placed on the lower abdomen. Through the stroke of the two hands, the location, size, form, hardness, and hardness of the uterus, andThe relationship between the uterus and the surrounding soft tissue is all right!In addition, through the brake, ovarian, ligament, fascia, etc., it can determine whether there are lesions in the uterus and bilateral accessories.
This is to test the experience and technology of doctors. Whether it can find out if it can be found, it depends entirely on the doctors’ hands and experience. Therefore, it is necessary to choose a reliable hospital and a professional doctor!
If the doctor finds an abnormal vaginal discharge during gynecological examination, it can also perform the detection of secretions at the same time, such as vaginal micro -ecological testing, and then systematically analyze the vaginal flora and infection.You can also do TCT/HPV sampling to fully understand the lesions of the cervical epithelium.
In principle, we recommend that all women who are 21 years old and all sexual life should have a gynecological examination once a year in order to find problems early, prevent early prevention, and treat them in time.
However, it should also be noted that this "once a year" is the general situation, and at other times, it is possible to do gynecological examinations, such as abnormal menstruation (cyclical change, abnormal bleeding, etc.), abnormal leucorrhea, difficulty in urination, vaginal discomfort, etc.In the case, no matter how old you are, whether you have sex, or whether you are married, as long as these problems occur, you should go to a gynecological examination immediately and immediately.
The result is yes!
The chance of young women with problems is very small!But it doesn’t mean not.The problem of internal genitals can be checked through the B -ultrasound of the abdomen, but the problems of the vulva, the problem of the bottom of the basin, and the problem of vaginal inflammation are still found through gynecological examination.
Do n’t worry, in this case, doctors will be extra careful when doing vulva examinations; vaginal discharge will be taken with a cotton swabs when conducting vaginal discharge; anal diagnosis will be adopted during internal diagnosis and does not enter the vagina.So everyone can rest assured.
Many expectant mothers have some concerns about gynecological examinations, fearing to lead to bad consequences such as abortion.
Actually, you think too much!
Gynecological examinations will not cause abortion.On the contrary, in pregnancy, especially in early pregnancy, there are sometimes some abnormalities, such as Candida vaginitis, vaginal bleeding, and cervical lesions.If you do not find the cause and treat it as soon as possible, it may cause bad ending such as miscarriage!
After 40 years of age, it is a high incidence of uterine and ovarian malignant cancer. In addition, due to the decline of ovarian function and estrogen, it is easy to cause pelvic floor dysfunction, such as leakage of urine, uterine, vaginal prolapse, and senile vaginitis.
Therefore, even if you have menopause, you should do a complete gynecological experience once a year, so as to ensure that the lesions are found early.
Many women do not care about the inspection time, usually the night clinic on weekends and after get off work, or when they can go to leave.
In fact, gynecological examinations also have the best time to check!
The annual gynecological examination is best arranged for 3 to 7 days after the menstrual menstruation. At this time, it is the best time to do cervical TCT/HPV examination. There is no interference of menstrual blood. It is also a guarantee for the reliability of the test results.In addition, the first three days of gynecological examination should avoid sexual life, vaginal medicine, and flushing, so as not to interfere with the results of the examination.
What else can I do, of course, ignore gender!
Don’t question the professionalism of a male doctor!In fact, in the eyes of doctors, patients are patients, and your gender is just different and different problems that explain the structure.Of course, if you are really embarrassed, you can choose a female doctor.
Quietly tell you that the gynecological female doctors in Beijing Honghe Maternity Hospital are professional female doctors. If you are afraid of embarrassment, come to us!
After a detailed narrative of Dr. Li Yan, I believe that everyone has a certain understanding of gynecological examinations.
The annual Teacher’s Day is coming. At this time, all doctors of Beijing Honghe Maternity Hospital wishes teachers: Happy holidays!Tao Li Man in the world!
At the same time, we also sent a thin gift for teachers who worked hard on the front line. For female teachers, during the September 10th to 30th, 2019, a teacher qualification certificate can be used to enjoy a free at Beijing Honghe Gynecology Hospital for free.Gynecological basic examination.