The pepper is delicious and expensive, don’t buy it anymore!Plant a few pots by yourself, so that you have a peppers that can’t be eaten every day
Pepper is a popular condiment and ingredients. It not only can add food taste and flavor, but also rich in various nutrients, which is good for health.However, the price of peppers in the market has soared, which is prohibitive.Fortunately, we can plant peppers at home ourselves. We can not only enjoy fresh peppers, but also save a lot of expenses.This article will introduce to you how to plant peppers at home, so that you have endless pepper every day.
Part 1: Understand the types of peppers and adaptive environment
1.1 Types of Pepper
There are many types of peppers, including pepper, pepper, color pepper, etc.Different types of peppers are different in taste, spicy, and useful. Choose a variety suitable for you according to personal taste and needs.
1.2 Adaptation environment of pepper
Pepper is a tropical crop and likes warm, humid and sufficient sunshine.Generally speaking, the growth temperature of peppers is between 15 ° C and 32 ° C. The most suitable temperature for growth is 25 ° C to 28 ° C.Therefore, before planting peppers, we need to choose a suitable environment, such as the sunny balcony, terrace or courtyard.
Part 2: Prepare planting materials and tools
2.1 Selection of pepper seeds
Choosing high -quality pepper seeds is very important. You can choose to buy in the farmer’s market or seed store.It is recommended to choose seeds that have been quarantine and quality certification to ensure the germination rate and quality of the seeds.
2.2 Selection of potting soil and container
The requirements of the soil are relatively low, and ordinary flower soil or vegetable soil can be used.Choose a pot with good breathability and good drainage, and prepare a container suitable for cultivating peppers, such as flower pots or flower boxes.
2.3 Planting tool
Plants require some basic tools, such as shovel, kettle, gardening, etc.These tools can help us complete the basic operations in the planting process.
The third part: planting and care process
3.1 Planting method
Fill the pot soil into the container, sprinkle the pepper seeds on the surface of the soil, and gently cover a layer of thin soil.Keep the soil moist, but do not water too much, so as not to cause the root rot.Placed in a sunny place so that the seeds can fully absorb the carbon dioxide in the sun and the air.
3.2 Watering and fertilization
Pepper likes moist soil, but excessive watering can cause root rot.Under normal circumstances, watering once a day is enough, and the watering frequency is increased or decreased according to the weather conditions and the appropriate amount of soil humidity.During the growth of pepper, regular fertilization can promote the healthy growth of plants.Select organic fertilizer suitable for vegetable growth and fertilize according to the instructions on the packaging.
3.3 Prevention and treatment of pests and insect pests
Pepper is prone to infringe on some diseased and insect pests, such as aphids and powder disease.Timely discovering and treatment of diseased pests is the key to ensuring the healthy growth of peppers.Organic diseases and insect pest control methods, such as spraying pepper water, stone sulfur agent, etc., can also choose to use commercially available organic pesticides.
Part 4: Harvest and Storage
4.1 The growth cycle of pepper
From seeds to mature fruits, the growth cycle of peppers generally takes 2 to 3 months.The specific growth cycle will be affected by environmental factors and varieties.When the color of the fruit becomes red and the size is moderate, you can harvest the pepper.
4.2 Storage method of pepper
If there are many harvested peppers, you can choose the appropriate storage method to extend its fresh -keeping period.After drying the peppers until the surface is slightly dry, place it in a good ventilated place, such as a balcony or a cool storage room.You can also chop or make chili sauce and save it for future use.
By planting peppers by yourself, you can not only enjoy fresh and healthy peppers, but also save expenses.
By understanding the type and adaptation environment of peppers, prepare planting materials and tools, and the correct planting and nursing methods, we can plant peppers at home and let ourselves have endless pepper every day.Get up and enjoy the fun of planting!