Produced: Popular Science China
Produced: Computer Network Information Center of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
After many women are pregnant, as the pregnancy week increases, blood pressure will increase to a certain extent, which is normal.But when blood pressure ≥140/90mmHg (that is, high pressure ≥140mmHg or low voltage ≥90mmHg, or both high), you must be vigilant!
The Statistical Bulletin of the Development of Health and Family Planning (2017) shows that there are 5.6%of the hypertension during pregnancy in urban women’s deaths, and 12.4%of rural pregnant women’s death due to pregnancy hypertension diseases during pregnancy, all of which are ranked third.
Many pregnant women have normal blood pressure before pregnancy, and the rise in blood pressure in early pregnancy is not obvious, and no attention is given.Until the symptoms of headache, dazzling, chest tightness, etc., I didn’t expect that it might be high in blood pressure and need to go to the hospital to take a look.As the condition has deteriorated quietly, it may develop to a more dangerous early period of eclampsia, or even eclampsia.
(Picture source: http://diyitui.com/)
What are the harms of hypertension during pregnancy?
For pregnant women, it may cause complications such as pulmonary edema, acute renal failure, acute left heart failure, cerebral vascular accidents, and diffuse intravascular coagulation. Among them, cerebrovascular accidents and diffuse intravascular coagulation are very dangerous, which leads to high pregnancy.The main causes of blood pressure pregnant women.
Hypertension causes cerebrovascular accidents (picture source: Baidu experience)
For the fetus, it can cause insufficient blood supply to the placenta and decreased placental function, which may cause the internal distress and growth of the fetus, leading to the death of the fetus or newborn.
Pregnant women with hypertension during pregnancy generally return to normal in 12 weeks after giving birth.But compared with pregnant women who do not have high blood pressure during pregnancy, they have a higher chance of hypertension in the future and appeared earlier.
What is the early period of eclampsia?
Eclampstylees refer to blood pressure ≥140/90 mmHg and urine protein (+) after 20 weeks of pregnancy.The symptoms that may be accompanied by headaches, blurred vision, tinnitus, hardened neck, heart panic, chest tightness, upper abdomen discomfort, less urine.When it reaches severe, blood pressure is ≥160/110mmHg, and urine protein (++).
Impact on mothers during pregnancy (picture source: Qianku.com)
Based on the early eclampsia, convulsions or coma, which is eclampsia.Eclave is the most serious stage of this disease, which is directly related to the safety of mothers and fetuses.Therefore, the early stage of eclampsia must be recognized as soon as possible to actively prevent occurrence of eclampsia.
How to identify the early period of eclampsia?
Blood pressure should be monitored on a regular basis before and after pregnancy. Some women’s originally blood pressure was only a little higher than 90/60mmHg. After pregnancy, although it did not rise to 140/90mmHg, it rose more than 30/15mmHg, which was also very dangerous.In addition to monitoring blood pressure, you should also pay attention to the symptoms of your own, whether there are headache, dizziness, and blurred vision.These symptoms are often mistaken for being caused by insufficient rest and fatigue, and eventually delay the timing of treatment.If you find fine foam in the urine, you must go to the doctor in time.
Who is prone to hypertension during pregnancy?
(1) First maternal;
(2) Age ≤18 or ≥35 years;
(3) The spirit is too nervous during pregnancy;
(4) There are history of chronic nephritis, diabetes and other medical history, and the family of hypertension in the family;
(5) malnutrition such as anemia and hyparonal lenient;
(6) Dwarf fat before pregnancy is BMI> 24;
Hypertension after pregnancy, what should I do?
1. Guarantee rest
Sleep is sufficient and rests at no less than 10 hours a day.When resting and sleeping, the left side position is the most suitable, which can reduce the compression of the uterus to the abdominal blood vessels and improve the blood supply to the uterine placenta.The left side of the left side can reduce the diastolic pressure by 10mmHg.
2. Adjust the diet
Ensure sufficient protein (more than 100g/d), vegetables, and supplement vitamins, iron and calcium.If there is no whole body edema, there is no need to strictly limit the amount of salt, and the salt amount at the bottom of the beer bottle cap is sufficient every day.
3. Observe symptoms and measurement data
Pay attention to symptoms such as headache, blurred vision, and upper abdomen discomfort, and measure weight and blood pressure daily.
(Picture source: Tuwa Creative Sharing Gallery)
How to measure blood pressure and weight?
1. Blood pressure measurement
The choice of mercury blood pressure meters will be more accurate, and the measurement time will be once every time in the morning and evening, and timing, decent, fixed arm, and fixed blood pressure gauge.If the blood pressure is relatively low, it can be measured once every 3 days.
2. Test weight
After getting up in the morning and defecation, do not drink water or eat, and test a weight first.
Each time you go to the birth check, you can bring the recorded blood pressure and weight, which helps doctors to determine whether it is normal.
Doesn’t the drug control high blood pressure affect the baby?
During the growth of the fetus, the first two months were when its organ development was formed, and it was most likely to cause malformations.At present, all antihypertensive drugs lack rigorous clinical verification for the safety of the fetus. Eating medicine will have more or less side effects. Metopa in oral antihypertensive drugs during pregnancy is relatively safe for babies.
How can the baby know if he is safe in his stomach?
Usually you can count the fetal movement every day, and you can count 10 times a day.Note whether there are abnormal abdominal pain. If abdominal pain suddenly does not ease for more than one minute, or there is vaginal bleeding, you must go to the hospital immediately.This is because the placenta is likely to peel off early, and the child needs to be cut out immediately.
Go to the hospital for a regular check -up, doctors can see the health of the baby through the hearing fetal heart and check the B -ultrasound.
(Picture source: Tuwa Creative Sharing Gallery)
Hypertension during pregnancy is a very dangerous disease. It requires the majority of expectant mothers to increase the attention of blood pressure monitoring. It can identify the symptoms of pre -eclampsia, prevent the occurrence of eclampsia, and protect themselves and protect their babies!
(The pictures indicated in this article have been authorized)