Dedicated to 5.31 World Smoking Day
According to the "2015 China Tobacco Investigation Report" issued by the China Disease Prevention and Control Center, a total of 1,5095 survey targets were surveyed, and the overall response rate was 92.2%.Data show that China’s smoking rate is 27.7%, of which men’s smoking rate is 52.1%, and female smoking rates are 2.7%.Smokers smoke 15.2 daily.
"Pressure" is the main cause of smoking for women. In 2014, 72%of female smokers believed that "there are too many things in life that make me feel stressed."In addition, the social environment is gradually open to women’s smoking.
For women, in addition to other known harms such as lung cancer, smoking and passive smoking will also increase the risk of infertility. After pregnancy, they will also increase abortion, premature birth, low birth weight, ectopic pregnancy, premature fetal membrane breakthrough breakthrough breakthrough.The risk of front placenta.
According to surveys, 23%of American women are still smoking three months before pregnancy, and the proportion of women who still smoke in the last three months of pregnancy are 11%.
How many Chinese women are still smoking after pregnancy and have no reliable statistics.Someone will definitely continue to smoke after pregnancy, but the overall proportion should not be too large.In addition to Chinese women attaches great importance to their children’s health, there are also husbands, especially their mother -in -law, so that the motivation to quit smoking after pregnancy is far greater than non -pregnancy after pregnancy.
In addition to the above -mentioned smoking harm of pregnancy, there are other possible adverse effects.
Death rate of death and newborns: Does smoking increase the incidence of death and newborn death?The current research results are inconsistent, but some large sample research suggests that smoking will increase the risk of death and newborn death.
Birth defects: More than 2,500 chemicals in cigarettes will theoretically increase the occurrence of birth defects, but the study of clinical epidemic diseases does not suggest a significant increase in the overall incidence of birth defects.However, some types of birth defects will increase. During the development of the fetus, nicotine will cause blood vessel contraction, affect the occurrence and development of certain organs, and cause corresponding malformations, such as rabbits, cleft palate, abdominal cracks, anal atresia, heart deformityMulti -finger and deformed, dysplasia of kidney, etc., but these malformations only increase risks among some people, which may be related to genetic susceptibility.
Impact of smoking
The effect of smoking on breastfeeding
Smoking will reduce the amount of milk secretion, reduce the content of fat in milk, and reduce the duration of lactation.For smoking mothers, the child’s sleep time after breastfeeding will be relatively short.
Smoking on the long -term impact of Zidai
The risk of smoking is more powerful in the future of the mother -in -law’s future II diabetes.
The adverse effects of passive smoking in pregnant women
Passive smoking is also called second -hand smoke, referring to smoking smoke in the environment passively, including smoke caused by cigarette burning and smoke spit out.
Occasionally, it is not a problem to smell the smell of cigarettes 1-2 times. If you often smoke passive smoking in family, or restaurants, offices and other public places, you will have a adverse effect on mothers and fetuses.
In the general environment where Chinese men smoke, many women often suck second -hand smoke after pregnancy.The adverse effects of passive smoking on pregnant women are still not small, which will increase the incidence of death, the incidence of birth defects, and the incidence of low birth weight. It does not seem to increase the incidence of miscarriage or siege dying.
If you continue to be exposed to second -hand smoke after birth, children are prone to asthma and allergies, more likely to occur in lung and ear infections, and the probability of sudden infant death syndrome will increase.
Smoking forbidden to smoke
How to quit smoking during pregnancy?
The sooner the smoking quitting after pregnancy, the greater the benefits of mothers and fetuses, but quitting smoking at any time will be good.
It seems that the number of daily smoking does not seem to have the evidence of the improvement of the end of the siege, so it is best to encourage completely to quit smoking.
Recommended a strategy to quit smoking during pregnancy for you.
Ask the situation of smoking, including the history of smoking, the smoking of family members, and the amount of smoking daily. If you have started to quit smoking, the process of quitting smoking will reduce the specific situation of smoking and smoking.
It is recommended to quit smoking instead of reducing the number and quantity of smoking, and inform the pregnancy of continuing smoking during pregnancy to the harm to your child. The recent long -term benefits of quitting smoking. It is recommended not only to quit smoking during pregnancy.It is the best cigarette quit window period.
Evaluate the possibility of quitting smoking, continue to follow up and encourage and support smoking quitting.
Give the solution for smoking quitting smoking during pregnancy, give her various resources to quit smoking, refer her to experts who quit smoking, and arrange family members to help quitting smoking.
In the future, the cigarette quit should be asked for every birth checkup, and encouragement and support will continue to be given.
A study in the United States suggests that the probability of 2-3 months after delivery, 4-5 months, and the probability of recurrence of ≥6 months is 42 %, 61 %, and 67 %.Essence
The main reasons for postpartum recovery are related to postpartum pressure and emotional fluctuations. The greater the pressure, the greater the emotional fluctuations, and the higher the complexity rate.
Some Q & A;
How long can I get smoking to get pregnant?
Smoking will reduce your pregnancy ability, and the abortion rate will increase. In principle, it is recommended that you quit smoking for at least 1 month (preferably 2-3 months) and try to get pregnant later. This can completely disappear in the nicotine in your blood.Avoid adverse effects.
Can I use nicotine for treatment during pregnancy?
Nicotine gum and nicotine stickers can help you reduce the symptoms of abstinence during smoking quitting and help you quit smoking, but the safety of use during pregnancy has not been fully evaluated.
The suggestions of the American Society of Obstetrics and Gynecologists are: Only in non -drug treatment, such as consultation and other measures, and if you do not work, quitting smoking may fail, you can consider the balance of risk and benefits, and appropriately use Nicotine gum and nicotine.
What will it feel like to quit smoking during pregnancy?
After a few days of quitting, your heart rate will decrease and return to normal level.
You may have the symptoms of abstinence caused by the decline in nicotine after quitting, and you may be eager to smoke. If you are irritable, hunger, cough, headache, and energy cannot be concentrated.This kind of abstinence symptoms are temporary, and it will be obvious in the first few days of quitting, and it will be much better after 10-14 days.
After such abstaining symptoms, you need to persist, and most of the baby and your own health.
The darkness before dawn is painful and short.
The sooner the smoking, the better, but it is not too late at any time
WeChat account: Doctor Duan Tao
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