Most of the edema of "obstetrics and gynecology" is a physiological phenomenon, so that the following seven points will help "swelling"!

Most of the edema during pregnancy is a physiological phenomenon, so that the following seven points will help "swelling"!

Release date: 2022-12-14 19:21:24 Source: The Science Popularization Department of the Chinese Medical Association

Pregnancy is a happy thing, but the process of pregnancy is very difficult, because various discomforts may occur during pregnancy, causing pregnant mothers to suffer.

For example, edema during pregnancy, I think many pregnant mothers have encountered it, some are very serious, and some are relatively mild.Pregnant mothers with severe edema during pregnancy, calves and feet are particularly swollen, especially in the third trimester, and some pregnant mothers will extend to the abdomen.

First, why is it prone to edema during pregnancy?

For pregnant women, in addition to their metabolism, it is necessary to ensure the placenta cycle and meet the needs of the fetus, so the blood capacity of pregnant women increases.After pregnancy, due to changes in hormone levels, water and sodium in pregnant women can be left.In addition, the uterine increases the vein of the lower cavity, which blocked the blood flow back of the lower limbs.A comprehensive effect of a variety of factors makes the liquid in pregnant women easily accumulate in the lower limbs and cause edema, especially pregnant women who have been sitting for a long time. This is a physiological edema caused by pregnancy.

Another part of edema is caused by certain diseases, called pathological edema.For example, pregnant mothers suffer from hypertension, kidney disease, and heart disease during pregnancy. These diseases affect the normal body fluid circulation process, and pregnant women will also have edema.

During pregnancy, edema is not all of the pregnant mothers, nor is it all physiological edema. Some may be pathological edema, which reminds us to be alert to certain diseases.

How to distinguish physiological edema and pathological edema during pregnancy?

Generally judge from the following aspects:

The first is to see the gestational week.Generally speaking, physiological edema occurs in the middle and late pregnancy, especially in the third trimester, that is, 28 weeks of pregnancy.Pathological edema may occur in the early stages of pregnancy, and the eyelids are swollen in the morning. This must not be physiological edema.

The second is to look at the nature of edema.As soon as the edema presses a pit, it is gone after rest. Most of them are physiological edema.If you feel swollen, there is no pit, and there is a possibility of pathological edema.

The third is to look at the edema.Physiological edema usually occurs in the lower limbs. Generally, it is limited to feet and calves, which will not cause systemic edema.If the eyelids are swollen, the whole body is swollen, or ascites appear, it must not be physiological edema.

The fourth is whether edema can be relieved after rest.After or one night after the activity, the edema is just fine, and the sitting for a long time the next day occurs again. Most of them are physiological edema.Pathological edema usually does not ease after resting.

The fifth is to see if there are other symptoms.Physiological edema is just swollen and there are no other problems.Pathological edema may occur with high blood pressure.

Sometimes it is difficult for pregnant women to identify themselves. They need to find doctors to help judge. Doctors have been checked and adjusted to distinguish whether they are physiological edema or pathological edema.

Pathological edema is just one of the clinical manifestations of a certain disease. What really hurts pregnant mothers and fetuses is the disease itself.It is clear that after the edema is caused by the disease, it should actively treat and control primary diseases under the guidance of a professional doctor to avoid affecting pregnant mothers and fetuses.

Physiological edema, pregnant mothers are in good condition in all aspects, but their legs and feet are swollen. Generally speaking, it will not affect the growth and health of the baby.

Third, do you need to treat physiological edema during pregnancy?

Severe physiological edema also needs to intervene. It can be relieved a little attention in life, such as alleviating through the following ways:

First, ensure enough rest every day.When resting, the left side position is improved to improve the pressure of the lower cavity vein, and it also improves the placenta cycle. The edema after the recovery of the blood circulation will be alleviated.

2. Don’t sit for a long time and stand for a long time.Don’t stay in the same posture, so that the blood of the lower limbs does not have the opportunity to return, so you need to change the position every time, such as walking around, which is conducive to reducing edema.

Third, ensure appropriate exercise every day.Proper exercise is conducive to muscle contraction, promotes blood circulation, and reduces edema.

Fourth, raise your lower limbs while rest.Lying or half -sitting posture, raising your feet a little bit, will help the lower limbs blood flow.When swollen, the family can help properly massage the lower limbs, and it can also promote blood circulation.

Fifth, wearing elastic socks.Because of occupational needs, you need to sit for a long time or stand for a long time. After a long time, you will be edema. You can put on elastic socks before getting up in the morning without activity. After returning home, you can take off the elastic socks. It is also a way to reduce edema.

Six, wear appropriate shoes and pants.If the shoes do not fit the feet and too small, it will have a restraint on the feet, affecting blood circulation, and further increased edema.The socks are not suitable, the socks are tight, which will also hinder blood circulation.It is recommended that the shoe size is large, and the pants are breathable with loose cotton.Suitable shoes and pants are also conducive to reducing edema.

7. Do not eat too salty foods in your diet to ensure sufficient protein in intake. After pregnancy, plasma albumin will decrease, and albumin can maintain the balance of blood glue osmotic pressure. ThereforeIt is also conducive to reducing edema.

If the physiological edema during pregnancy does not intervene in any lifestyle, edema may increase as the gestational week increases.

For the problem of physiological edema during pregnancy, it is best to prevent it in advance to achieve reasonable rest, low -salt diet, appropriate exercise, and stand for a long time. In addition, you need to control your own weight and fetal weight.of.

Author: Zou Liying Capital Medical University Chief Physician at Beijing Obstetrics and Gynecology Hospital

Review: Chief Physician of Beijing Traditional Chinese Medicine Hospital Affiliated to Teng Xiuxiang Capital Medical University

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