Don’t take cold medicines, buy these "characters" with these "words"!"Side effects" harmful

Immediately after the May Day holiday, the new crown suddenly ushered in the "Eryang". Although the experts believe that there is no second wave of epidemic peaks, the current spring and summer alternation.Friends with slightly worse resistance are still easy to catch a cold without paying attention.

Many people think that if you deal with small colds, just buy a cold medicine and eat it!But do you know?It is such a common minor illness that people often pay a heavy price for it.

According to statistics, the number of health damaged health due to wrong medicines in China is as high as 250W each year, and 20W people are killed.

This is not a long holiday to travel, and Xiao Jiu also received a consultation of "cold medicine" and "travel preparation" from time to time in the background.Today, let’s talk about how to choose a cold medicine and precautions on medication.

Although most cold medicines are non -prescription drugs, some cold medicine components are not suitable for everyone.If there are these words on the medicine box, some people must buy it with caution!

· "Ma" —— Hypertension and coronary heart disease should not be used

"Hemp" in drugs such as pseudo -pseudoscopic tablets and pseudo -hemps, etc. It refers to the symptoms of nosebleeds caused by pseudo -ephedrine. Although it helps to reduce the symptoms of colds and allergic rhinitis, it also has blood vessel shrinking, accelerating heart rate, elevated increaseThe effect of blood pressure is easy to cause angina pectoris attacks and cerebrovascular accidents for patients with hypertension with heart injury.

In addition, pseudohadine can also affect the nervous system. Patients with coronary heart disease, hyperthyroidism, diabetes, ischemic heart disease and prostate hypertrophy should be used with caution.

· "Flutter, Min, Benzene" -Fride should not use it

For example, drugs such as poker sensitivity and benzenes are anti -allergic drugs. Such drugs will inhibit the nerve center, have a sedative effect, and can cause drowsiness and sleepy.Therefore, it is not advisable to drive cars, boats and manipulating machines during the medication, and must not engage in high -altitude operations, mechanical operations and operational precision instruments.Drivers with a self -driving tour plan should pay attention to avoid misuse.

· "Ammonia, phenol" -The patients with gastrointestinal ulcers with caution

"Ammonia" and "phenol" usually refer to the drug containing acetaminol, which is an important component for antipyretic and analgesic in cold medicines, but it has a certain stimulating effect on gastric mucosa.Observe that once abnormalities are found, the drug should be discontinued in time.

· "Beauty, Fen" -Pynite bronchitis, pneumonia patients with caution

For example, You Meishafin is a commonly used central cough drugs commonly used for dry cough. However, for patients with chronic bronchitis and pneumonia, their antitussive effect may affect the discharge of sputum, blocking the respiratory tract, and cause suffocation in severe cases.If you have to take such drugs, you need to take expectorant drugs at the same time under the guidance of a doctor.

· "Detox" — not should be taken for a long time

Chinese medicines often contain "detoxification" ingredients. If it is used for more than a week, a certain amount of arsenic elements will accumulate in the body, which will affect nerves, digestion, hematopoietic and urinary systems, etc., and then poisoning symptoms such as chest tightness, palpitations, rash, diarrhea.

In short, there are many types of cold medicines. Before taking drugs, you should read the instructions carefully to find out information such as drug composition, indications, and taboos.If there is a adverse reaction after taking the medicine, stop the medicine or seek medical treatment as soon as possible.

The "cold" we often say is generally divided into normal colds and popular colds (commonly known as flu).Although the clinical manifestations of the two are similar, they are different in pathogens, symptoms, and treatment.

Ordinary colds are acute upper respiratory tract infections caused by rhinovirus, adenovirus, etc., mainly showing upper respiratory symptoms such as sneezing, nasal congestion, runny nose, cough, pharyngeal discomfort, generally no fever and systemic symptoms, or only low fever, headache headacheEssence

Influenza is caused by A and B virus. The symptoms are heavier. They often have high fever above 38.5 ° C and repeated fever for 3-5 days. At the same time, it is accompanied by cough, chilling, headache, muscle joint soreness, fatigue and other obvious whole body.symptom.

In terms of treatment, influenza is more difficult than colds. Ordinary colds are mainly symptomatic treatment, and influenza needs to be treated with antiviral treatment, so it is very different in the type of medication.

Ordinary cold: symptomatic medicine is the main medicine

At present, there is no special effects therapeutic medicine for a cold, and it is mainly based on the medication to relieve symptoms.The commonly used drug categories are:

Heating: For acetaminol, ibuprofen, etc.; For children, you can use ibuprofen mixed suspension, Milin mouth liquid, etc.

Nasal congestion, runny nose: poker sensitivity, chlorophenamamin, dectorizine, Setrizine, parabinoline nasal drops, etc.

Dry cough without sputum: Format, right Mishafen, etc.

Cough and sputum: compound licorice tablets, bromine new, more created gly glycerin, acetylcysteine, pediatric cough syrup, etc.

Dry throat and throat: 铵 铵, Liu Shen pills, Pu Dilan anti -inflammatory oral solution, Huasu tablets, double Huanglian oral solution, etc.

Influenza: Need to take antiviral drugs

The treatment of influenza, with relatively special effects of antiviral drugs, and the sooner the intervention, the better. It is commonly used in Olympic Weir.

The "Popular Cold Diagnosis Plan (2020 Edition)" guide pointed out that Oasis Veye is the preferred medication of type A, type B fluid diagnosis or suspected cases.To prevent the infected cells from released the virus and reduce the number of viruses in the body, thereby reducing the pathogenicity, which can be used for prevention or treatment.If there is a clear history of influenza patients or the symptoms of influenza -like symptoms, you should give the particles of Oasifowei in 48 hours as soon as possible, which can effectively relieve the disease, shorten the course of the disease, and reduce complications.In addition, the symptoms of the above -mentioned normal colds can be improved for the symptoms of influenza.

Avoid mixing a variety of medicines

There are many types of cold medicines on the market, and most of them are compound preparations. Different cold medicines may contain similar ingredients. If a variety of medicines are mixed, it will make a certain ingredient excessive or different ingredients.The side effects of itself increase the risk of adverse reactions.

Therefore, it is recommended to try to reduce the chance of reducing superpositions as much as possible.Once you need to take a variety of, you should pay attention to observe the drug ingredients, or consult a doctor or pharmacist.

Avoid increasing the dose by yourself

The dosage of the drug is the safety and effective dose of clinical verification. If you increase your dosage by yourself, it will increase the burden on the liver and bring health risks.The medication should be strictly followed by the dosage, time, and number of times in the instructions to avoid affecting the treatment effect.

Children’s medication needs to be more rigorous

Some parents will take the dose of adult medicine half to their children, but children are not small adults. The probability of side effects of adult drugs is far greater than adults.Therefore, parents try to choose children’s special medicines when preparing medicines, as well as granulator types that are better and easier to control dosage.Such as the fluorosic acid Oshewin particles of influenza, the subcontracting design dosage is small, suitable for children with small amounts of dosage, which is safer to medication.

In the end, Xiao Jiu reminded everyone that a cold seems to be a trivial matter, but it is not harmful to handling.Most common colds only need to relieve symptoms of symptomatic drugs, but influenza needs to be treated in time to avoid deterioration of the disease.In terms of medication, we must follow the doctor’s order or read the instructions and use it carefully.Of course, during the holidays, the most important thing is to protect and prevent colds.

Reference materials:

1. When buying medicine, buy these 10 words on the medicine box!Very dangerous. People’s Daily. 2018-10-06

2. Consensus of an expert in antiviral therapy for adult influenza [J]. China Infectious Disease Magazine, 2022, 40.

3. 27 -year -old graduate died after a cold!Don’t take cold medicine like this. People’s Daily. 2019-10-31

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